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海南起帆丨极简校园设计——海南·海口寰岛中学

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发表时间:2022-08-23 11:49作者:海南起帆建筑工程有限公司来源:海南起帆学校校园文化建设网址:http://www.qfxyjs.com


海南起帆校园建筑设计分享海南·海口寰岛中学极简校园设计干货


海南·海口寰岛中学

迹·建筑事务所

鸟瞰图


教学楼西入口空间


海口寰岛中学位于中国海南省海口市,设计旨在容纳1200多名学生,包括24个班级的教学教室,多功能教室,学生宿舍和餐厅等。

该项目从思考如何创建一个鼓励创造力和互动性的成长场所,而非应试教育制度的机器。


Text description provided by the architects. Located in Haikou, Hainan, China, Haikou Huandao Middle school is designed to accommodate teaching classrooms, function classrooms, students’ dormitory and dining hall for more than 1200 students, 24 classes. The design initiated from thinking about how to create a nurturing environment that celebrates creativity and interaction rather than examination-oriented learning cultures.


教学楼西入口空间

教学楼北立面


由于该场地位于市中心,周边高层住宅建筑对场地产生了较强的包围感和压迫感,学校的整体布局强调建筑的内向性。操场位于场地中心,教学楼和宿舍楼分别布置于场地的南北两侧。教学楼内的两个院落,一大一小,通过建筑体量对空间的划分而成的,从而丰富了校园空间层次和视线联系。


As the site is situated in the city center, where surrounding high-rise residential buildings heighten a sense of encirclement and compression, the overall layout of the school emphasizes on an introverted nature of architecture. Playground is placed centrally, while the teaching block and dormitory building are located at South and North sides of the site respectively. Two courtyards within the teaching block, one big and one small, are formed through a complex interplay of different volumes, enriching spatial hierarchy and visual connections.


教学楼北立面夜景

教学楼夜景


由于场地的限制,教学楼和宿舍楼在架空部分被抬高,以开放底层空间,这使得视觉和物理有连续性。教学楼的中央庭院抬升到二楼,通过大台阶与操场相连。大台阶不仅是一个放松和交流的地方,也是面向操场的大看台。


Due to site constraints, the teaching block and the dormitory building are elevated on pilotis to open up the ground floor spaces, which allows visual and physical continuity. The central courtyard of the teaching block is raised up to the second floor and is connected with the playground through a grand staircase. The grand staircase serves not only as a place for relaxation and communication, but also a grandstand for spectators.


操场看台

操场看台


教室面向外部,在教学楼的东侧和南侧有序分布,而多功能教室则向内,作为独立的体量。在多功能教室中,美术教室采用弧形屋顶,确保了均匀稳定的用光环境;音乐与舞蹈教室采用拱形吊顶,以达到良好的声学效果。


Classrooms face outward and are distributed orderly in the east and south part of the teaching block, whereas function classrooms are more inward-facing and act as independent volumes. Among the function classrooms, art classroom adopts a curved roof to ensure even and stable ambient lighting, while music and dance classrooms are under arched roofs that help to enhance acoustics.


宿舍楼

半室外活动平台


建筑也积极回应了当地的热带气候:架空提供遮风挡雨;柱廊有利于自然通风;屋顶平台为学生提供了额外的活动空间,同时减少了热量吸收,降低了室内温度。


The architecture also actively responses to the local tropical climate: stilt floor provides shading and protection against wind and rain; colonnade facilitates natural ventilation; rooftop platform offers additional activity spaces for students, and at the same time, reduces heat absorption and lowers indoor temperature.


半室外活动平台

柱廊及走廊聚会单元


学生对校园空间的使用不仅局限于教学场所,更在于那些多功能空间,这在很大程度上促进了教育的发展。从这个意义上说,学校是一座城市,除了上课,还为学生带来各种各样的日常体验。因此,设计力求创造多样化和综合性的空间,鼓励主动和自发的学习。


The ways students utilize campus are not only confined to the use of traditional classrooms, but also the inhabitation of undefined public spaces, which contributes to a huge part of education. In this sense, school is a miniature city, bringing various everyday experience to the students apart from attending classes. The design therefore seeks to create diversified and integrated spaces that promote active and spontaneous learning.


半室外活动平台

半地下展示与交流活动空间


中央庭院是户外团体活动的区域;加宽的走廊形成了一系列交错的半开放式阳台,三两好友可在此互相张望;之字形的坡道和楼梯为社交互动创造了更多空间,并且还起到了竖向流通的作用。


The central courtyard acts as a cohesive area for outdoor group activities; widened corridor forms a series of interlaced semi-open balconies that allow small groups of friends to observe and contemplate; the zigzag ramps and stairs create more spaces for social interaction and also serve as vertical circulation.


美术教室

舞蹈教室


此外,中央庭院的东端设有一个充满趣味的塔形空间。抽象的白色高塔外部被水景环绕,丰富多彩的室内装饰和迷人的灯光变化共同营造出充满想象力的体验。


Furthermore, a colorful tower-shaped space is placed at the eastern end of the central courtyard. The tower’s white and abstract facade is dramatically contrasted with the multiple scales of vertical geometry, colorful interiors and fascinating lighting variations, all of which create experience that embraces imagination and art.


音乐教室

中心庭院


在结构上,由于寰岛特殊的地质条件,项目采用了隔震结构。教学楼整体由一系列位于建筑和基地之间的隔震器支撑。在发生地震时,底层的阻尼桩通过自身变形吸收地震能,使建筑主体结构形变量降至最小,充分保证结构的安全性。


Structurally, seismic base isolation system is adopted for earthquake resistance due to the special seismic geological conditions in Huandao. The teaching block is supported by a series of seismic isolators which are placed between the building and foundation. During earthquake, the damper underneath absorbs the vibration through elastic deformation, improving the seismic performance of structures and thus providing the building with strength and stiffness.


中心庭院

看向中心庭院

柱廊及走廊聚会单元

走廊聚会单元

柱廊及漫游空间

坡道

坡道

漫游空间

漫游空间

漫游空间

漫游空间

楼梯

楼梯

食堂下沉广场

塔形空间内部

塔形空间内部

塔形空间内部

仰拍塔形空间



总平面图

教学楼标准层平面图

教学楼半地下室平面图

教学楼首层平面图

教学楼二层平面图

教学楼六层架空层平面图

教学楼剖面图

教学楼剖透视

教学楼剖面图

教学楼剖面图


剖面关系

柱廊及漫游空间

柱廊及走廊聚会单元

走廊聚会单元

中心庭院

平面布局

1比100教学楼剖面模型

1比100教学楼剖面模型

1比100教学楼模型

1比100教学楼立面模型

1比500整体模型




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